Toko Shinoda (篠田 桃紅 Shinoda Tōkō, born March 28, 1913)
Shinoda started practicing calligraphy from the age of six and mastered the traditional form of calligraphy. She further developed her calligraphy onto abstract paintings in sumi in her 30’s. She visited the US from 1956 – 1958 where she was deeply inspired by the abstract form, such as the works by Jackson Pollock. She was warmly welcomed in the New York art scene and exhibited her works during her stay. There she made her name among the abstract expressionist movement.
Since her return to Japan, she has been pursuing her own style , without belonging to any of the groups.